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How are brooms made?

How are brooms made?

Brooms are made in layers. Each layer was wrapped tight to the handle using twine or metal wire. Some brooms had what are called shoulders – two bundles of broomcorn on each side of the broom – which gave them a curved look at the top. The shoulders had to be put on just right so that they didn’t flatten out.

What are Indian broom made of?

They are made from a wide variety of materials, like grasses, reeds, date palm and coconut leaves, some local, some transported from across India. Brooms are big business, with huge volumes sold every year and possibly major money made by a few businessmen.

How do you grow broom seeds?

The seeds are best soaked in hot water for several hours before planting. They like dry, sandy, and stony soil in a sunny position. Plant them in the summer straight in the ground or in trays and plant out in final position in autumn. 50% germination in first year.

Will sorghum cross pollinate with corn?

Sorghum seed needs soil temperatures of 60-65°F for good emergence. Three characteristics of sorghum give it a potential advantage over corn in dry areas: Corn is cross-pollinated. Severe drought at silking time may cause barren ears (no kernels).

What is sorghum used for?

Sorghum is used for food, fodder, and the production of alcoholic beverages. It is drought-tolerant and heat-tolerant, and is especially important in arid regions. It is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the “fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world”.

Is sorghum cross pollinated?

Sorghum is normally self-pollinated but some florets are protogyny resulting in cross pollination averaging about 6%. So, it is classified as often cross- pollinated. The amount of natural cross pollination varies from 0.6 to 50 per cent in different varieties and places.

Is rice self pollinated?

Rice anthers dehisce at the time of floret opening (Adair, 1934). Since the florets of rice are adichogamous, most of the florets are self‐pollinated at the time of floret opening (Jagoe, 1931).

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Why rice is self pollinated?

Much of the pollen grains shed within the floret and the crop is largely self pollinated. The glumes normally open during the flowering process, the anthers protrude from the glumes and part of the pollen grains is shed outside the flowers.

Why wheat is self pollinated?

Wheat is a self-pollinating crop that produces seed when pollen from anthers fertilises the receptive ovary in the same flower of a single parent plant. These plants can then be cross-pollinated by male-donor lines.

What is the difference between inbred and hybrid rice?

An inbred rice variety is a pureline. This means that the offspring or succeeding generations produced by this variety will have the same genetic makeup. A hybrid is the product of a cross between two genetically distinct rice parents.

What is inbred seed?

When farmers plant an entire field to a single variety, they produce inbred seed. It is referred to as the female and accepts pollen from the male parent to produce the hybrid seed.

What are hybrid crops?

In agriculture and gardening, hybrid seed is produced by cross-pollinated plants. Hybrid seed production is predominant in modern agriculture and home gardening. Elite inbred strains are used that express well-documented and consistent phenotypes (such as high crop yield) that are relatively good for inbred plants.

Is Rice a hybrid?

“Hybrid rice is similar to other hybrid crops. It has a phenomenon associated with it called ‘heterosis’ — otherwise known as ‘hybrid vigor. ‘ Heterosis is the result of a wide genetic cross between two distantly related parents. So far, we don’t have to treat hybrid rice for blast, the most destructive rice disease.

How is hybrid rice produced?

Hybrid rice is produced when the egg is fertilized by pollen from anthers of a rice plant from a different variety or line. In order to produce great quantities of hybrid seeds, two kinds of parental lines are needed, a seed parent which is usually male sterile and a pollen parent.

Who is father of hybrid rice?

Yuan Longping

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Who invented hybrid rice?

scientist Yuan Longping

What is the seed rate of rice?

20 kg per hectare

What is hybrid rice variety?

Hybrid rice is a type of rice that has been bred from two very different parents. It can signficantly outyield other rice varieties. Developing hybrid rice parents and hybrids, and seed production technologies. Researching the science of rice heterosis (hybrid vigor) and other traits of hybrid rice.

What is super rice?

Recently, green super rice (GSR), defined as rice varieties that can produce high and stable yields under fewer inputs (water, nutrients, and pesticides) and adverse conditions, has become a new concept for enhancing rice NuUE and achieving sustainable rice production through breeding [3,10].

Which vitamin is in super rice?

beta carotene

Is Golden Rice being used?

Heralded as a genetically modified crop with the potential to save millions of lives, Golden Rice has just been approved as safe for human and animal consumption by regulators in the Philippines.

What is super wheat?

(AP) — Scientists say they’re close to producing new “super varieties” of wheat that will resist a virulent fungus while boosting yields up to 15 percent, potentially easing a deadly threat to the world’s food supply. The research is part of a global drive to protect wheat crops from the Ug99 strain of stem rust.