What cell structure carries out cellular respiration?
Structure of the Mitochondrion: Key to Aerobic Respiration. The aerobic phases of cellular respiration in eukaryotes occur within organelles called mitochondria. These aerobic phases are the Krebs Cycle and the electron transport chain.
Which of these organelles carries out the synthesis of membrane phospholipids?
The ER and Golgi apparatus together constitute the endomembrane compartment in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. The endomembrane compartment is a major site of lipid synthesis, and the ER is where not only lipids are synthesized, but membrane-bound proteins and secretory proteins are also made.
What three organelles are involved in protein synthesis?
There are four organelles that are involved in protein synthesis. These include the nucleus, ribosomes, the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus, or the Golgi complex. All four work together to synthesize, package and process proteins. Protein synthesis begins with DNA.
Where is the synthesis of proteins?
What organelle is responsible for releasing energy?
Cells that need a lot of energy, like muscle cells, can contain thousands of mitochondria. Mitochondria are tiny organelles inside cells that are involved in releasing energy from food. This process is known as cellular respiration.
What organelle is responsible for releasing ATP?
Which organelle is used in cell repair?
Lysosomes. Lysosomes are organelles that digest macromolecules, repair cell membranes, and respond to foreign substances entering the cell.
What is organ and organelles?
The main difference between organ and organelle is that organ is a large part of an organism, composed of tissues which perform similar functions whereas organelle is a specialized structure found inside cells, which carries out a specific life process. Kidney, heart, liver, lungs, and brain are the organs in humans.
What is a change in DNA?
A mutation is a change in DNA, the hereditary material of life. An organism’s DNA affects how it looks, how it behaves, and its physiology. So a change in an organism’s DNA can cause changes in all aspects of its life. Mutations are essential to evolution; they are the raw material of genetic variation.