What does Choral mean in music?
Choral music, music sung by a choir with two or more voices assigned to each part. Choral music is necessarily polyphonal—i.e., consisting of two or more autonomous vocal lines.
What is a German chorale?
A chorale is a melody to which a hymn is sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.
Where does Chorale belong?
Lutheran church in Germany
What period is oratorio belong?
Oratorios became extremely popular in early 17th-century Italy partly because of the success of opera and the Catholic Church’s prohibition of spectacles during Lent. Oratorios became the main choice of music during that period for opera audiences.
How is music used in religion?
Music unites the congregation so that God is worshipped with one voice. A wide variety of music is used in Christian worship including hymns, psalms, choral music, gospel songs, contemporary music and instrumental music, played for meditation and reflection.
What is sacred music in the Middle Ages?
Simply put, sacred music is music written for the Church. As early as the Medieval era, we see what is now known as sacred music begin, starting with plainchant and moving through early polyphony. The Renaissance era saw the explosion of polyphony, while the Baroque era was more restrained and controlled.
What are the major music forms of the Middle Ages?
Medieval music includes solely vocal music, such as Gregorian chant and choral music (music for a group of singers), solely instrumental music, and music that uses both voices and instruments (typically with the instruments accompanying the voices). Gregorian chant was sung by monks during Catholic Mass.
What are the characteristic of music in Middle Ages?
– During the middle ages, musical texture was monophonic, meaning it has a single melodic line. – Sacred vocal music such as Gregorian chants were set to Latin text and sung unaccompanied. – It was the only type of music allowed in churches, so composers kept the melodies pure and simple.