What does the V in court cases mean?
In common law countries with an adversarial system of justice, the names of the opposing parties are separated in the case title by the abbreviation v (usually written as v in Commonwealth countries and always as v. in the U.S.) of the Latin word versus, which means against.
What does R stand for in law Canada?
R. stands for “Regina” which is the Latin word for Queen or “Rex” which is the Latin word for King; the “v.” stands for versus or against; in criminal proceedings the name of the case is referred to as, e.g. “R v. Smith” or “The Queen versus Smith”.
How do you cite a court case in Canada?
Canadian practice is to cite cases by the name of the parties (italicized) separated by “v.” (not italicized), year….It consists of three parts:
- year of decision.
- abbreviation of the court.
- an ordinal number.
How court cases are named?
(In the trial court, the first name listed is the plaintiff, the party bringing the suit. The name following the “v” is the defendant. If the case is appealed, as in this example, the name of the petitioner (appellant) is usually listed first, and the name of the respondent (appellee) is listed second.
Is it always Plaintiff v defendant?
The party against whom the complaint is made is the defendant; or, in the case of a petition, a respondent. Case names are usually given with the plaintiff first, as in Plaintiff v. Defendant. The similar term “complainant” denotes the complaining witness in a criminal proceeding.
What is a plaintiff in law?
The person who sues is called the plaintiff. The person being sued is called the defendant. Civil cases are complex. A suit goes through several stages: pleadings, discovery, and the trial itself.
Who is a defendant in a case?
defendant – In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. defense table – The table where the defense lawyer sits with the defendant in the courtroom.
What is the accused person called in court?