What does the word cell literally mean?
1 : a small religious house dependent on a monastery or convent. 2a : a one-room dwelling occupied by a solitary person (such as a hermit) b : a single room (as in a convent or prison) usually for one person. 3 : a small compartment, cavity, or bounded space: such as. a : one of the compartments of a honeycomb.
What is another name for cell structures?
The name organelle comes from the idea that these structures are parts of cells, as organs are to the body, hence organelle, the suffix -elle being a diminutive.
What are the 13 cell organelles?
Within the cytoplasm, the major organelles and cellular structures include: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough endoplasmic reticulum (6) Golgi apparatus (7) cytoskeleton (8) smooth endoplasmic reticulum (9) mitochondria (10) vacuole (11) cytosol (12) lysosome (13) centriole.
What are the main organelles?
Organelles are involved in many vital cell functions. Organelles in animal cells include the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, vesicles, and vacuoles. Ribosomes are not enclosed within a membrane but are still commonly referred to as organelles in eukaryotic cells.
How many different cell organelles are there?
6 Cell Organelles
- Nucleus. nucleus; animal cell.
- Ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein factories of the cell.
- Endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes on the outer surface of the endoplasmic reticulum play an important role in protein synthesis within cells.
- Golgi apparatus. Golgi apparatus.
- Chloroplasts. chloroplast structure.
What is cell organelles in biology?
An organelle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an organ does in the body. Among the more important cell organelles are the nuclei, which store genetic information; mitochondria, which produce chemical energy; and ribosomes, which assemble proteins.
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