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What is standard language and dialect?

What is standard language and dialect?

Standard languages arise when a certain dialect begins to be used in written form, normally throughout a broader area than that of the dialect itself. Or the language may be a combination of several regional dialects, as are German and Polish. …

What is dialect?

1 linguistics. a : a regional variety of language distinguished by features of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation from other regional varieties and constituting together with them a single language the Doric dialect of ancient Greek a dialect of Chinese spoken in Hong Kong.

When can a language become a dialect?

An important criterion for categorizing varieties of language is linguistic distance, for a variety to be considered a dialect, the linguistic distance between the two varieties must be low. Linguistic distance between spoken or written forms of language increases as the differences between the forms are characterized.

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Does dialect count as a language?

Really, there’s no exact difference between languages and dialects. In some writing, you might see that people say dialects are just spoken, whereas languages include both written and spoken aspects, but for linguists, they’re pretty much the same. Languages are just self-important dialects.

What is a group of languages called?

A language family is a group of different languages that all descend from a particular common language. The one language that generated those other languages in its family is known as a protolanguage. Some languages do not come from a protolanguage.

What causes a language to become endangered?

Pérez Báez: A language can, unfortunately, become endangered relatively easily. It happens when fewer and fewer people speak it, and especially when children stop learning it as their dominant language. These children are then less likely to speak it at home and teach it to their children.

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Can a language become extinct?

An endangered language is one that is likely to become extinct in the near future. Many other languages are no longer being learned by new generations of children or by new adult speakers; these languages will become extinct when their last speaker dies.

What country uses Cantonese?

Native to China, Hong Kong, Macau, and overseas communities
Region Pearl River Delta of Guangdong, eastern Guangxi
Language family Sino-Tibetan Sinitic Yue Yuehai Cantonese
Dialects Guangzhou Xiguan Hong Kong Malaysian