What means atherosclerosis?
Atherosclerosis is the buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on your artery walls. This buildup is called plaque. The plaque can cause your arteries to narrow, blocking blood flow.
Which of the following is considered to be the most dangerous arrhythmia?
The most serious arrhythmia is ventricular fibrillation, which is an uncontrolled, irregular beat. Instead of one misplaced beat from the ventricles, you may have several impulses that begin at the same time from different locations—all telling the heart to beat.
How do you get pericarditis?
Other tests used to diagnose pericarditis include:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG). An electrocardiogram is a quick and painless test that records the electrical signals in your heart.
- Chest X-ray.
- Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Is there a blood test for pericarditis?
The main diagnostic evaluation consists of medical history (recent viral infection) and physical examination (to detect pericardial rubs at auscultation and additional possible signs of a systemic disease that may be responsible for pericarditis); blood tests (WBCs, ESR, CRP, troponin, complete blood count [CBC], urea.
Does pericarditis cause fatigue?
Chronic pericarditis often causes tiredness, coughing and shortness of breath.
What is the prognosis of pericarditis?
PROGNOSIS Patients with acute idiopathic or viral pericarditis have a good long-term prognosis. Cardiac tamponade rarely occurs in patients with acute idiopathic pericarditis and is more common in patients with a specific underlying etiology such as malignancy, tuberculosis, or purulent pericarditis.
What antibiotic is used for pericarditis?
Once bacterial pericarditis is suspected, empiric parenteral antibacterial therapy should be started immediately. In immunocompetent patients, the antibiotic regimen is vancomycin 15 mg/kg IV q12h plus ceftriaxone 1-2 g IV q12h.
What medication is contraindicated in pericarditis?
Corticosteroids should not be used for initial treatment of pericarditis unless it is indicated for the underlying disease, the patient’s condition has no response to NSAIDs or colchicine, or both agents are contraindicated.
How fast does colchicine work for pericarditis?
Colchicine is an underutilized therapy for pericarditis and provides significant benefit when combined with NSAIDs/ASA. Addition of colchicine to standard therapy results in earlier reduction in pericarditis symptoms, greater remission at 1 week, and reduces the rate of recurrent pericarditis.
What can mimic pericarditis?
The presentation of acute pericarditis can often mimic that of acute myocardial infarction. Vasculitis/connective tissue disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupis erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis, CREST syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease.
How serious is inflammation around the heart?
Inflammation is your body’s response to infection or injury. It can affect many areas of the body and is a cause of many major diseases, including cancer, ischemic heart disease, and autoimmune diseases. Inflammation in the heart causes damage and can lead to serious health problems.
Is heart inflammation permanent?
Severe myocarditis can permanently damage your heart muscle, possibly causing: Heart failure. Untreated, myocarditis can damage your heart’s muscle so that it can’t pump blood effectively. In severe cases, myocarditis-related heart failure may require a ventricular assist device or a heart transplant.
How do you treat inflammation of the heart muscle?
Treatment for myocarditis may include:
- corticosteroid therapy (to help reduce inflammation)
- cardiac medications, such as a beta-blocker, ACE inhibitor, or ARB.
- behavioral changes, such as rest, fluid restriction, and a low-salt diet.
- diuretic therapy to treat fluid overload.
- antibiotic therapy.